Kratom – also known by its scientific name Mitragyna speciosa is a part of the Rubiaceae plant family and related to the coffee plant. This tropical evergreen tree is native to Southeast Asia. It is indigenous to Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea, where it has been used in herbal medicine since at least the nineteenth century. Kratom has opioid properties and some stimulant-like effects.
Mitragynine is an indole-based alkaloid and the most abundant active alkaloid in the Southeast Asian plant Mitragyna speciosa, commonly known as kratom. The total alkaloid concentration in dried leaves ranges from 0.5 to 1.5 %. In Thai varieties, mitragynine is the most abundant component (up to 66% of total alkaloids) while 7-hydroxymitragynine is a minor constituent (up to 2% of total alkaloid content). In Malaysian kratom varieties, mitragynine is present at a lower concentration (12% of total alkaloids). Such preparations are orally consumed and typically involve dried kratom leaves which are brewed into tea or ground and placed into capsules. Mitragynine consumption for medicinal and recreation purposes dates back centuries, although early use was primarily limited to Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia and Thailand where the plant grows indigenously.
7-hydroxymitragynine – is a terpenoid indole alkaloid from the plant Mitragyna speciosa, commonly known as Kratom. … It was first described in 1994 and is a natural product derived from the mitragynine present in the Kratom leaf. It is considered an oxidized derivative of mitragynine.
Rubiaceae Plant Family – A family of plants most commonly known for coffee. The Kratom tree is part of the Rubiaceae family and a cousin to coffee.
Alkaloid – any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds of plant origin which have pronounced physiological actions on humans.
Tosh and Wash – One of the most basic ways of taking a kratom dose. This consists of tossing the kratom powder into your mouth and chasing it down with a beverage of your choice.
Kratom Tea – Kratom tea is a great way to get the full benefits of kratom. Using Hot water and steeping the kratom powder or crushed leaf. Read how to make it here
Yellow Vein Kratom – Though brands sell yellow vein kratom, there is no valid proof that it is actually a straight kratom strain and not a blend. Many consumers swear by yellow vein strains and say that they are more potent. There are some theories about yellow strains, but, they are just theories.
- Yellow strains are harvested off the kratom tree later than other strains or they have already fallen off the tree before going through the drying process
- Yellow strains are the farmer’s blend of Red, White, and Green vein kratom strains.
- Other theories say that yellow strains are made by drying green and white strains together inside or outside.
Extracts – In its simplest form, kratom extract is a concentrated and enhanced form of kratom powders. Sometimes, the extract starts with the powder. But there are instances when they are created from a complete leave. Kratom extract is a unique form of consuming kratom plants because of its rich alkaloid content. Alright, before I proceed, let me explain alkaloids better.
Kratom Blends – A blend of multiple different kratom strains and vein colors to make up one new kratom strain with unique effects.
Kratom Resin – A very concentrated kratom extract. The resin extraction leaves behind a semi-solid extract instead of a liquid or powder. The resin can be heated (melted) and mixed into tea or coffee and drank for effect. Because this is a concentrated form of Kratom, it is much stronger and less is needed for effect.
Kilo – For the most part, the kratom industry uses metric weight measurements. A kilo is 1000 grams or 2.2 imperial pounds.
Kratom Powder – Powder is one of the most common forms of Kratom. Kratom powder, simply put, is crushed Kratom Leaves (Mitragyna Speciosa) ground into a powder. The powder can be mixed with juice, coffee, or similar and consumed. Kratom powder is also used in Kratom capsules.
Approximately 0.5 grams of Kratom powder is used in each capsule size “00”. Kratom powder is also used to create Kratom Extract which is a process using either alcohol, water, or citrus. Kratom powder will vary in strength depending on its quality.
Kratom Effects – The alkaloids in Kratom affect the brain similarly to an opiate, although it is not. Its effects are unique in that, at moderate or low doses it will generally be stimulating and euphoric. Based on hundreds of Kratom user’s feedback, it is not enough to impair normal functions such as socializing or working long hours. In fact, based on many interactions with active Kratom users, the feedback was that many use it, not only as an alternative to pain medication but as an energy booster.
In higher doses, Kratom will have sedating effects. Other, outside, factors can fluctuate these effects such as eating a large meal right before taking Kratom, body mass, general tolerance levels, etc. The active alkaloids in Kratom can have both stimulant and sedative effects. With that said, it is never recommended to use Kratom while operating any vehicles, operating machinery, power tools, or similar, to mix with drugs, alcohol, or take while pregnant.
The stimulant effects will cause the mind to be more alert, physical energy, and increased libido, work for longer periods of time with accuracy, higher social ability, and improved mood. Some have found the energy level to be more than they used to which can cause a bit of edginess. This can be lessened by eating food and/or drinking water to help dilute the stomach contents. The effects of Kratom at low to moderate doses generally last 3 – 4 hours.
Also, know as a euphoric or analgesic effect, in a higher dose you will be less sensitive to pain, feel more relaxed, have a general feeling of comfort, and may experience pleasant sleep patterns. Although rare, some have experienced itching or sweating. Your pupils may become dilated or small. Those who are predisposed to nausea with prescription pain medication may also experience this with Kratom. If nausea is experienced, lying down and relaxing may ease this symptom. The euphoric effects may cause you to appreciate things such as people, music, or television programs that you normally would not. When done in combination with a relaxing environment with the goal of rest, you may find this to be a pleasant alternative to sleep aids. The effects of Kratom taken in higher doses generally last 5 – 6 hours. Kratom taken in higher doses generally last longer and has stronger effects. Many Kratom users have reported experiencing positive rest and feeling quite good the following day.
Kratom Capsules – Kratom Capsules are filled with Kratom Powder, Extracts, or Blends. Because of the notoriously bitter taste associated with Kratom, many people choose to take capsules instead. Gelatin and Vegetable Cellulose capsules are generally used. Gelatin capsules contain only beef gelatin and purified water.
Vegetable capsules consist of only two ingredients: HPMC and purified water. HPMC — Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose — is derived from vegetable cellulose. 100% natural, these capsules contain no preservatives, gelatin, wheat, animal by-products, or starch, and they are made from pure cellulose of either pine or poplar. Capsules are fast dissolving in the stomach and easily digestible.
Capsules can affect the digestion time of the Kratom because the stomach must dissolve the capsule before digesting the Kratom contained within. The most common sized capsule used is size “00” and contains approximately 0.5 grams of Kratom powder.
FDA – The Food and Drug Administration is responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices; and by ensuring the safety of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.
DEA – The mission of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States.
Potentiate – Potentiates are used to increase the power, effect, or likelihood of kratom. The most common are Turmeric, Citrus, and Black Pepper among others.
Gram – Most brands sell kratom in weight increments of grams or ounces. A gram is 1/1000 of a kilo.
Dose – A quantity of a medicine or drug taken or recommended to be taken at a particular time.
Nootropic – Nootropics are drugs, supplements, and other substances that are claimed to improve cognitive function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation.